Use different usernames and passwords for different accounts. Make passwords harder to guess by combining letters and numbers, and change them regularly. For your UTORid password, consult the UTORid password policy for the most secure password.
Firewalls are the first line of defence: they block connections to unknown or phony sites and prevent viruses and hackers from accessing your computer. Your computer operating system has a firewall that can be turned on very easily.
Install anti-virus software to prevent viruses from infecting your computer. This software should be updated regularly. Go to U of T’s Anti-Virus website for more details.
Install anti-spyware software to prevent spyware from installing itself on your computer. This software should be updated regularly.
If you are self managing your computer at work or at home, make sure that your applications and operating system (Windows, Macintosh, LINUX) are up to date.
If you are self managing your backups at work or at home, protect important files from viruses and physical damage such as flood and fire by regularly backing up your files on an external drive or removable media. Store it in a safe place.
At home, Wireless (Wi-Fi) networks are vulnerable to intruders if they are not protected once installed. Do this yourself, or ask an expert for assistance when you purchase a wireless router for your home.
Never open emails or attachments from people you don’t know, and never follow any links to Web sites included in these emails. They might infect your computer with a virus or spyware. Delete such emails immediately.
Be careful when sharing personal information such as your name, address, telephone number and financial information online. Check that Web sites are secure by looking for a green lock and HTTPS before the URL (such as when making online purchases) and that the privacy settings are turned on (such as when accessing or using social networking sites).
Call local police if you discover suspicious content online (such as child exploitation) or if you suspect computer crime, identity theft or a scam. If you need help maintaining or installing software on your computer, call a computer expert or a local supplier.
These tips are provided by Public Safety Canada.